Adolescence and its wonders

Adolescence is the transition from childhood to adulthood. Adolescence is defined by the World Health Organization as "the period between the ages of 10 and 19." This adolescent period provides various changes as well as many obstacles to youth. Knowing how to deal with physical, social, and emotional changes can help you manage with the obstacles that come with them, revealing the wonders of adolescence.

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    Adolescence and its wonders


    This is the period in your life, you may experience the most types of challenges such as sports injuries, accidents in daily life, disasters, sexual abuse, and more. In this article, we are hoping to explain more about the various challenges and wonders you may face during adolescence.

    The main points we considering on this are as follows:

    • Why adolescence is an important period in your life?
    • Problems and challenges during adolescence 
    • Physical changes during adolescence of males and females
    • Mental and social changes during adolescence
    • Good qualities of an adolescent 
    • How to overcome challenges encountered during adolescence

    Why adolescence is an important period in your life?

    Many physical and social changes will happen around you because this is the period of transition from childhood to adulthood, and as well as this is a special passage in human life. Adolescents are one of the most valuable assets a nation has.

    In this period

    • Rapid physical, mental and social changes occur
    • You are ready to take on responsibilities
    • You come up with new ideas.
    • You are ready to explore and experiment

    Problems and challenges during adolescence

    We can categorize Problems and challenges during adolescence into,

    1. Problems related to nutrition
    2. Problems due to growth and appearance
    3. Problems associated with the development of secondary sexual characteristics
    4. Problems due to sexuality
    5. Problems due to peer groups
    6. Problems arising from the use of illicit substances
    7. Problems due to education and exam pressure
    8. Problems encountered with the media

    Problems related to nutrition

    An unbalanced diet, overconsumption of food, fast food, a diet high in wheat flour, oil, or sugar can lead to obesity and other diseases. Malnutrition also causes many problems at this age. Therefore, you need to have a balanced and nutritious diet with all the nutrients during this time.

    Problems due to growth and appearance

    Both males and females are concerned about growth and appearance during this period. Many of you might compare your body complexion, height, being fat or thin, nature of hair, presence of acne with others. Boys may want to increase their physical strength and physical appearance while the girls may want to enhance their beauty.

    Problems associated with the development of secondary sexual characteristics

    Delayed beard growth, less physical growth, and penis size are some problems faced by male adolescents. 

    Among girls, there may be some problems such as voice changes, concern about breast size, appearance problems, menstrual cycle irregularities, menstrual pain, and discomfort. Menarche and production of semen depend on various factors such as genetic composition, environment, growth, and level of nutrition.

    Problems due to sexuality

    Myths about sex (e.g. menstruation is considered an unclean period), sexual abuse, unwanted pregnancy, etc. can be seen as sexual problems. Rape or unintentional sexual intercourse can lead to pregnancy. Unwanted pregnancy can lead to many problems.

    Unwanted pregnancy

    Many of the physical, mental and social changes that occur during adolescence prepare girls to bear a child responsibly in the future. Adolescence is the period where you prepare yourself and continuously grow until about 20 years for this task. Therefore you are not yet ready for it at this point. Even if a girl is physically ready to bear a child Mental and social preparation is needed to become a parent. This preparation varies from one to another depending on your religion, culture, and the country you live in. Getting pregnant is a very responsible task. You should not take that responsibility until you have completed your education, attained economic stability and you are ready to bring up a child according to socially accepted norms. Due to poor sexual education, rape and acting out their feelings instead of rational thinking are the reasons some girls have unwanted pregnancies. Boys who become fathers due to sexual liaisons at an inappropriate age face psychological and social problems.

    The following factors can also be caused for pregnancy in adolescence.

    • Sexual stimulation

    • Physical development

    • Attraction towards the opposite sex

    • Romantic relationships

    • Desire to be outstanding

    • Desire adult company

    • Desire to experiment

    • Interest in one’s body

    • Ignorance about outcomes of sexual intercourse and pregnancy

    • Not being concerned about one’s safety

    Problems that arise from unwanted pregnancies

     Undesired difficulties can bring for you and the offspring by becoming a parent before you attain physical, mental, social, and financial stability.

    Some problems which can occur due to unwanted pregnancies are,

    • Can be isolate from society
    • Early termination of education
    • Uncertainty about your and your child's future
    • Early and forced marriages leading to despair
    • Unhappiness and possible divorce.
    • A baby born under such circumstances might be malnourished and may even die at an early age.

     Hence the society may consider such children as illegitimate and marginalize them, some people perform abortions to avoid unwanted childbirth. However, abortion is illegal in most countries. Abortions performed illegally and secretly in non-sterile environments can be hazardous to health and even lead to the death of the mother. Such illegal abortions are considered an offense and penalized. Under no circumstance can teenage pregnancies be approved. However knowingly or unknowingly if one gets pregnant, help should be sought from parents, close relatives as well as social service agencies without delay.

    Problems due to peer groups

    Although peer suggestions and attitudes are important at this stage, Unwillingness to go along with them may cause rejection and isolation from the group. But experimenting with illicit drugs, alcohol, smoking, and engaging in unsuitable sexual activities at this stage can lead to many problems. So avoiding such occasions is wise.


    Problems arising from the use of illicit substances


    • One can be rejected by society.
    • Education can be jeopardized.
    • Can be expelled from school or workplace.
    • Can be get involved in thefts which can lead to being jailed or sent to probation.
    • Can lead to long-term harm to the body or even cause death.
    • Will be banned from taking part in competitive sports

    Problems due to education and exam pressure

    • Problems due to education and exam pressure
    • Difficulties in understanding and remembering school work
    • Inability to deal with the broad curriculum in schools.
    • Fear of reactions from parents and society due to failing exams
    • Weaknesses in getting a job due to poor qualifications
    • The existing competitive environment for education


    Problems encountered with the media

    Misleading advertising, new songs, unnecessary drama, unnecessary film, and false propaganda may create problems if you try to experiment with them.


    Physical changes during adolescence of males and females

    Changes in males

    • Increase in height, weight, and muscle mass
    • Broadening of shoulders
    • Growth of hair in the axillary, chest, pubic, and limbs
    • Growth of beard
    • Increase in the size of genitals
    • Production of sperm
    • Adam’s apple (larynx) becomes prominent and their Voice becomes deep
    • Development of acne on the face
    • Increase perspiration and body odor

    Changes in females

    •  Increase in height, weight, and broadening of hips
    •  Development of breasts and skin becomes smooth
    •  The appearance of axillary and pubic hair
    •  Increase in size of genitalia
    •  Development of acne on the face
    •  Increase perspiration and body odor
    •  Start of menstruation and Production of vaginal secretions


    Mental and social changes during adolescence

    Due to the production of FSH and LH hormones by the pituitary gland, estrogen secreted by the ovaries in females, and testosterone secreted by the testes in males many of the physical and mental changes in adolescence occur. The action of these hormones causes secondary sexual characteristics in males and females. Due to these hormones, many changes in the reproductive system such as the production of sperm and activation of ovaries occur and accelerated growth or a growth spurt is seen. Because of these hormones changes following behaviors can be seen in a teenager.

    1. Interest in one’s body

    2. Interested in working for the common good

    3. Tend to stand up against injustice

    4. Desire to experiment

    5. Greater creativity

    6. Prefers to make independent decisions

    7. Desire to display capabilities and be outstanding

    8. Interest in the opposite sex

    9. Interest in forming romantic relationships

    10. Development of sexual feelings

    11. Prefer the company of adults

    12. Interested in aesthetic activities

    Good qualities of an adolescent

    Adolescent brings many good qualities to once life by positively using them, you will be able to overcome day to day challenges easily.

    • Creativity and exploration
    • Bravery
    • Aesthetic sense
    • Generosity
    • Dedication to and enjoyment of social service
    • Setting an example to peers and young
    • Democracy
    • Fairness
    • Independence and Testing Boundaries

    How to overcome challenges encountered during adolescence?

    Adolescence is a period in life where many physical, psychological, and social changes take place. The hormones of your body and your physical environment influence these changes. To overcome challenges during adolescence, it is important to use your intelligence positively and develop good social skills.

    You can overcome challenges in adolescence,

    • By developing skills in thinking you can make responsible decisions, think creatively, develop analytical thinking,      and develop logical thinking.
    • By getting involved in aesthetic activities such as dancing, arts, journalism, or singing
    • By seeking an adult’s opinion before venturing out to explore, experiment, test, and getting involved in social responsibility 
    • By Getting involved in religious activities
    • By doing sports, learn methods of self-protection, and improve physical fitness
    • By having a good understanding of reproductive health and functions of the human body By reading relevant educational books.

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